Care of the soft tissues on which a denture rests includes removing the denture overnight or for a substantial time each day, cleaning and massaging the tissues under the denture daily,and performing regular oral self-examinations to observe and report any irritation changes in appearance of the tissues. Failure to remove the denture may result in oral malodor (bad breath), excessive alveolar ridge resorption (bone loss), diseased or irritated oral tissues (gums), or the development of epulis fissuratum (growth of flabby tissue).
Wearing a denture is like wearing a pair of shoes – do not sleep with your denture in your mouth. The tissues of the mouth need a rest.
Cleaning and massaging of the soft tissues can be performed simultaneously by brushing with a soft-bristled toothbrush or by massaging with the thumb or forefinger wrapped in a clean facecloth. Deposits that form on dentures include pellicle, plaque, calculus, oral debris (e.g., desquamated epithelial cells), stain and food debris. The porous surface of a denture attracts dental deposits including bacteria and fungus. Commonly practiced cleaning methods include immersion, brushing, or a combination of both. Consistent, effective cleaning of dentures not only serves to enhance the sense of oral cleanliness, but also serves to prevent bad breath and tissue irritations that impair eating.
Brush the denture with a soft bristle toothbrush and warm water. Do not use toothpaste as this will abrade the denture and will result in bacteria and fungus growing in the abrasions. Liquid dish soap may be used to aid in brushing the denture. Brush the denture at least twice daily, but preferably after each meal.
Soak the denture at least once every 2 weeks with an Efferdent or Prevident tablet. Place the denture in a denture cup, fill with water until the denture is totally submerged. Placed the tablet in the cup and allow it to sit overnight.